NABARD - Student Internship Scheme 2016-2017 - page 19

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iv) Issues associated with Common Facility Centers (CFCs): CFCs have emerged as a major source
of raw materials and other services to the handloom weavers in past 3 years. They also faced
problems stock accumulation because of the inability of the weavers to lift the stock already
placed with CFCs.
v)
Issues associated with the PWCSs:
In Varanasi it was observed that though there were
sufficient number of societies, their functioning was negligible. The societies had a very limited
role in the handloom sector which concentrated only on providing the raw materials to the
weavers. This was also hampered as the societies had limited resources in providing the same.
The weavers in the district were mostly of independent nature.
II. Problems of the weavers:
In Varanasi it was seen that though the weavers were independent
in nature in terms of purchase of raw material, they depend upon the middlemen for the sale of
their products. Various other problems are listed below:
i)
Lack of stock:
The weavers in the districts did not have sufficient resources to build up the
huge stock, and unavailability of stock prevented them from directly dealing with the dealers.
Thus they have to depend upon the middlemen for the sale of their products in farfetched areas.
The weavers were paid a nominal amount for their produce but the products manufactured by
them were high priced when finally sold to the consumers.
ii)
Time and knowledge constraint:
The weavers had to work around 26 days in a month
for around 7 to 8 hours per day. In such a hectic working schedule the weavers were able to
manufacture on an average 3 sarees per month. These sarees would generate the revenue of Rs
3000 to Rs 4000. The income earned is just sufficient to sustain their family. The weavers felt
that it is a waste of time to avail the credit from institutions also would hamper their productivity.
The weavers also did not have sufficient knowledge and insight to avail those services.
iii)
Insufficient savings:
The weavers of the district had no savings with themselves on account
of their minimum income. If any amount was left with them, the weavers had a tendency to
spend the same rather than depositing it into the banks.
iv)
Ageing population:
Among the sample that was visited in Varanasi it was discovered that the
majority of the weavers were in the age group of above 55 years, this showed that the population
is ageing and at the same time it may have various health issues reducing their productivity.
v)
Loan takers:
Few of the weavers who have been advanced loans by banks had taken it for the
purpose of expansion and purchase of yarn. The loan was duly repaid by the weavers as per the
data collected from the banks.
vi)
Cost of transportation:
In Varanasi it was discovered that the weavers had to spend moneyon
transportation to reach to the middlemen i.e. ‘Gaddidar’ for the sale of their products.Thecost of
transportation amounted to around Rs 100-150 in a month.
a) Study findings in Azamgarh: In Azamgarh it was found that the societies in the district had a very
prominent role. The weavers surveyed were the member of one or other society. Some of the major
issues identified were as under:
i)
Conditions of the weavers:
In Azamgarh the situation of weavers was worse than Varanasi.
The weavers used pit looms for their weaving, lived in semi pucca houses and were mostly
illiterate with a little knowledge of just writing their names. The weavers did not use sufficient
lighting during weaving.
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