Model Bankable Project for Financing "Dudha Sarita" Milk Booth
During the state credit seminar for the year 2004-05 held on 22 December 2003 for Maharashtra State, Shri D.V. Khillare Regional Dairy Development Officer from Government Dairy Department told that they want to promote 'Aarey Saritas' i.e. Milk Booths in Pune, Solapur & Sangli district. On their request the study was undertaken by the undersigned on 7, 8 & 10 April 2004 in the area of Pune, Pimpri- Chichwad Municipal Corporations. Discussions were held with Shri D.V. Khillare, RDDO, Shri A.R. Jadhav, Dairy Manager, Shri S.D. Bhujbal, MPO, Shri V.D. Lokare, Circle Inspector, Shri S.D. Kulkarni, AMDO of Government Milk Supply Scheme & Government Dairy Development Department. The details like various input costs and output prices etc. were also collected from existing few milk booth "Aarey Sarita" owners of the area. The data and discussions with the various agencies/personnel formed the basis for formulation of the project.
Dairy Development Department of GoM and Rajya Sahakari Dudh Mahasangh Maryadit (MAHANANDA) coordinates main activities concerning creation of infrastructure for dairy development i.e. milk procurement, product manufacture, supply of inputs to milk producers, milk & milk product supply to consumers, extension education and training to milk producers etc. The milk production was 6090 thousand tonnes during 2001-02 and the estimated per capital daily milk availability was 172 gms. The average milk procurement under organised sector i.e. Government and Coop. sector is about 25% of the total milk production in the state.
There are 115 chilling plants with an aggregate capacity of 21.10 lakh litre per day, 61 processing plants with installed capacity of 67.50 LLPD & 9 milk powder plants with a capacity of 141 MT/day under Government & Coop. sector. There are 35 coops. with a capacity of 42.06 LLPD, 68 Pvt. units with a capacity of 55.75 LLPD & 38 other units with 34 LLPD. (a large scale dairy plant near Baramati in Pune District has been established with an aggregate processing capacity of 7 LLPD) i.e. a total of 141 units with 131.76 LLPD capacity are registered under MMPO Act. There are a total of 104 taluka & district unions/federations operating in the state.
Government Dairy Scheme Pune is having one lakh litre milk processing plant. At present the plant is supplying milk and milk products to the consumers of Pune and Pimpri Chinchwad area through its 300 milk booth called as "Dudh Sarita". Each booth supplies the milk to the consumers ranging from 100 to 650 litre per day. The milk is being supplied to the booths in two shifts i.e. morning & evening as per requirement of booth owner on cash and carry basis. The Government Dairy supplies 65000 litres of milk per day at present. During winter i.e. in flush season it increases to 75000 litre per day. Other milk products like ghee, table butter, shrikhand and paneer of Govt. Milk Plant are also supplied through milk booth on cash and carry basis only. The quantity of milk product supplied by Government Milk Supply Scheme are as below :
||Table butter (kg/month)
The Government MSS pays the following commissions to the booth owner :
- Milk - Rs.0.80 per litre plus 0.40 per litre milk transport
- Ghee - Rs.10 per litre (Avg)
- Paneer - Rs.10 per kg (Avg)
- Shrikhand - Rs.4 per kg (Avg)
- Table Butter - Rs.10 per kg (Avg)
Sale of milk upto 250 litre milk per day sale is a part time job and the booth owner can utilise remaining time for other work like sale of bread, eggs, biscuits, snack packets etc. He can also run a STD-PCO booth , magazine library etc. and earn more money/income.
At present there is an urgent need of at least 150 milk booths to be established/ renovated in Pune, Pimpri Chinchwad area by Government Milk Supply Scheme, Pune.
Financial assistance is to be extended for establishment/renovation of milk booth i.e. Dudh Sarita etc. to the educated (at least Xth pass) unemployed youths with the following objectives.
- To provide good quality milk and milk products to the consumer of the area.
- To provide part time employment to the youths in urban area.
- Renovation of old & broken milk booths so as to maintain a neat and clean (hygienic) condition in the shed with an attractive appearance.
- Existing beneficiaries of Government milk supply scheme Pune, who would want to renovate the very old and broken milk booths. Selection of beneficiaries shall be done by Milk Supply Scheme & the loan application shall be forwarded to the financing Bank & Branch through MSS.
- Educated unemployed youth selected by milk supply scheme for setting up of a new milk booth on his own land or leased land.
- Those youths who will be able to sell at least 100 litres of milk per day.
The scheme shall be implemented by Government milk supply scheme within the area of Pune, Pimpri Chinchwad Municipal Corporation Limits. This scheme can be replicated in other cities also by milk coop. unions/milk coop. federation / Pvt. dairy plant owners etc.
6. Unit cost
Two models of "Dudh Sarita" have been developed according to their make for consideration of the financial institutions. The choice of model is to be given to the borrower.
Model A - A milk booth (8'x6') made of MS steel
Model B - A milk booth (8'x6') made of wood
Both the model will have a small size 3'x3'x15" show case/ almaria and a platform of 5'x15". The unit cost for model 'A' is arrived at Rs.40000/- and that of model 'B' is Rs.45000/-. The details of the unit cost is given in Annex ure-I.
7. Margin money & bank loan
Since the beneficiaries are educated unemployed, a margin of 15% of Total Financial Outlay (TFO) is considered. The loan amount for model A & B works out to be Rs.34000 and Rs.38250 per unit respectively. However, down payment & bank loan shall be decided by financing bank as per RBI guidelines. Loan from banks with refinance facility from NABARD is available for starting "Milk Booth". For obtaining bank loan, the borrower should apply through the Govt. Milk Supply Scheme to the nearest branch of a commercial bank in their area in the prescribed format which is available in the branches of financing banks.
8. Working capital
The Government milk supply scheme will sell/supply the milk and milk products to the booth owner on "cash & carry" basis for which there is a need to provide working capital. The requirement of working capital for a booth selling 100 litres of milk per day is worked out at Rs.24000/- (Annex ure-II). However , the banks may assess & extend working capital on the basis of need of each booth.
9. Interest rate
The rate of interest on both the term loan & cash credit loan shall be decided/fixed by the concerned financing bank to the ultimate beneficiary. Here for calculation of cash flow and repayment we have assumed an interest @ 12% per annum.
10. Economics of the project
The assumptions and various techno economic parameters for working out the economics of the milk booth are given in Annex ure-II & III and are based on field visits under taken in Pune city. The detailed economics of the scheme is given in Annex ure-IV. Model A is having lower total financialoutlay than Model B & so IRR & BCR will be more than model A .
11. Financial analysis
The cash flow analysis covering the Benefit Cost Ratio (BCR), Net Present Worth (NPW) and Internal Rate of Return (IRR) has been worked out for the project model 'B' & presented in Annex ure-V. The BCR, NPW & IRR works out to be 1.48:1, Rs.32622 and more than 50% respectively.
Security will be as per RBI guidelines issued from time to time.
13. Repayment period of loan
The repayment period depends upon the gross surplus generated. The loan shall be repaid in suitable monthly/quarterly installments within a period of about 5 years without any grace period. From Annex ure-VI it is observed that after repaying bank loan and interest thereon, sufficient amount (avg. Rs.15000/year) is left to the beneficiary during the project period besides the stock value of assets Rs.16000/- at the end of project (after 5 years). For assured repayment a tripartite agreement between the financing bank, milk supply scheme/milk union/milk federation/milk plant and the borrower may be executed.
The financing bank may ensure that the borrower takes adequate insurance of assets created, subject to availability of insurance cover.
Captioned proposal is found to be technically feasible and financially viable.