NABARD - Student Internship Scheme 2016-2017 - page 116

Summary No-45
Profile of the Student:
Name: Siba Narayana Mishra
Degree Programme: MA (Analytical & Applied Economics)
University/ Institute: Utkal University, Bhubaneswar
Profile of the Mentor:
Name: K S S Prasad
Designation: AGM
Department: FSDD/ DEAR
Name of Regional Office: Odisha (Bhubaneswar)
Objectives of the study:
i. To examine the “impact of watershed development on shift in cropping pattern and water
Sample State/ Dist./ Blocks/ Villages: Odisa /Mayurbhanj and Koraput/ Biratpat and Barahampur
watershed projects of Udala block in Mayurbhanj & Alekhmahima (Khudub) and MaaGumabhyarabi
(Chatua) of Nandapur block of Korput district
Sample size: 80 households (40 from each district)
Research Methodology:
The data has been collected mainly from the primary sources. The descriptive statistics such as
percentage, frequency, average are used to analyse the impact of watershed development on different
characteristics of area and farmer.
Major Findings:
• Watershed development has increased the land for agriculture by converting uncultivated land into
cultivable land and providing landless farmers with opportunity to doing farming activity.
• There is a transformation from single cropping to bi-cropping or multi cropping by the farmers after
watershed development. The cropping intensity has increased by 27%.
• Farmers are preferring cash crops and vegetable over traditional crops. Cash crops such as Ginger,
Pipla and corn raised the farming income highly even from small piece of land. Farmers are more
interested for modern agricultural method due to enhanced awareness, and capacity building on
various agronomic practices.
• The productivity of all kinds of crop has increased significantly after watershed. This led to increase
in marketable surplus, resulting in enhanced income of the farmer.
• The cost of production does not show any significant change between two situations. But the average
income of the respondents has increased by 116%.
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