NABARD - Student Internship Scheme 2016-2017 - page 97

B. Financial aspects:
1) Regarding costs of production ,fertilizer cost is the major one (Rs. 1,51,200/-), followed by labour
cost ( Rs1,06,560/-) ,and seedling cost (Rs.91000/-).
2) Investment cost is more in the beginning, but the returns are high. From the open field cultivation,
the maximum annual net income will be 1-2 lakh, but under protected cultivation farmers can obtain
a income of nearly 15 lakh annually.
3) The BC and IRR ratio of the protected cultivation of capsicumgrown, without the subsidy component
is 1.53% and 71% respectively. Therefore it is stated that protected cultivation of capsicum is viable
even without subsidy.
4) Under 50% subsidy and 90% it is observed that the BC ratio accounts to 2.38 and 3.89 respectively
and the IRR is very high.
c. Issues Observed
1) Tumkur district (Taluks such as Sira and Gubbi)) -higher initial investments(92%),lack of owned
sources (90%), lack of credit facility (55%) and also lack of technical guidance(74%).
2) High cost of pesticides -major problem in Tumkur district (88%) as well as in Chikkaballapur
3) Non availability of high yielding and pest resistant varieties in Bangalore rural (75%), Tumkur (73%)
and Chikkaballapura (70%)
4) Pest Resistance to chemicals
5) Labour problem
Major Recommendations:
1) Since protected cultivation of vegetable is still in its infancy stage, in Tumkur district, especially in
the Taluks such as Chikkanayakanahalli, Gubbi, Kunigal and Turuvekere, more emphasis should be
given by the horticultural department to popularise the technology.
2) When compared to Bangalore Rural and Chikkaballapura district, the existing protected cultivation
farmers in Tumkur district lack technical guidance. Technical know how regarding the cultivation
aspects, selection of varieties, crops for the protected structure through training programmes.
3) A farmer who is new to the protected cultivation is advised to take the support from agriculture and
horticultural departments or the farmers who are already practicing protected cultivation
4) Focus on to develop F1 hybrid varieties and supply of seeds to farmers at affordable cost so that cost
of planting material can be reduced
5) Need for research towards developing cost effective agro-techniques for growing of different
vegetable crops in the different types of polyhouses and lowering energy costs of the green house
environment management – may be taken up by the ICARs/SAUs
6) High tech polyhouses should be encouraged by the government with adequate financial support and
farmers should be oriented towards growing of export quality products. Government initiatives/
efforts in popularizing the greenhouse technology among the farming community of the country are
to be strengthened.
7) A documentation procedure for subsidy is to be simplified.
8) Farmers should be encouraged to go for other high value crops such as cherry Tomato, Broccoli and
Leafy greens.
9) Protocol should be developed for the minimum usage of pesticides and also for sanitization and
removal of pesticide residues from the crop as well as from the soil
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